Jackson Mississippi History
According to a popular consumer magazine, the capital of Mississippi, Jackson, has given up its status as one of the most popular tourist destinations in the country. Jackson - the capital and largest city in Mississippi - is a growing tourist center and a major tourist destination in the state of Mississippi.
Mississippi became a state in 1817 and the tiny village of Adams County served as the territorial capital until 1822, when the capital moved from Natchez to Jackson and became the permanent seat of the state government. General Andrew Jackson, the future US President (1829), named the city after the city administration known as the "City of the Soul."
During the Civil War, federal troops occupied Jackson until the state's governor and legislature returned to the city. The city became almost a no man's land when the Jackson government left and returned only after the war. During the Civil War, Jackson was occupied by federal troops for several years before state governors and legislators restored it to its original status as Mississippi's capital.
General U.S. Grant decided to neutralize Jackson to protect his back when he finally went to Vicksburg. On the evening of May 12, he issued an order that Sherman Jackson should move southwest to Raymond and McPherson east to the Mississippi and then south to Jackson. Jackson and his bride returned to Nashville to ensure safety, accompanied by a large entourage of friends and relatives. He then headed to the Natchez Trace Parkway and discovered a 444-mile path that ran through Mississippi, Alabama and Tennessee.
Natchez was already a major border settlement along the Mississippi, and when the United States Congress established the Mississippi Territory on the land ceded by Spain on April 7, 1798, it was elected capital for the first time when it created its territory. At the Constitutional Convention, the name Washington was proposed for a new state, but delegates voted for Mississippi because the river formed a large part of the state's western border. The area, which is now called Jackson, was first surveyed in 1797 by US Secretary of State James St. Louis as a location for a capital state and named after the city of Jackson, the capital of Mississippi.
Lawmakers also decided to name the city after General Andrew Jackson, who became a national hero after defeating British troops at the Battle of Gettysburg, the first battle of the American Civil War, in 1776. After leading the Tennessee militia and serving as a U.S. general, Jackson led the Seminoles on their land, winning a series of brutal battles against the Indians and driving them to despair. Riding a wave of his brutal military success to the Oval Office, he continued the Indian Removal Act and the Trail of Tears, under which thousands died, until 1830.
When Jackson learned that a British Armada was on its way to New Orleans, he marched with his army south of the Mississippi south of Vicksburg, following about the thirtieth parallel route of the Pearl River. Confederate troops moved into Canton northeast of Jackson and he abandoned plans for a major offensive against the British at Natchez, Mississippi. Jackson and a partner in a slave-trading company planned to challenge Dinsmoor by escorting the slaves back to Nashville from Natchesz. After this foiled attempt, General Grant moved his army from Tennessee north across the Mississippi, south to Vickburg, and then north until he reached it, with the intention of breaking through the Jackson railroad line.
A convention, also held in Jackson, passed a decree on secession, setting Mississippi on the path to war. After Mississippi gained statehood, the state legislature decided to establish its capital as a strategic location.
Lawmakers followed the commission's recommendations and ordered the new capital city to be named Jackson. It was surveyed and mapped and named the city of Jackson in honor of Andrew Jackson, and the legislature ordered the construction.
Jackson's growth was slow, but everything was actually concentrated on Jackson, and the city had no connection to a large river. Also important was the recently built railroad system, a railroad that connected Jackson to other cities in the state that came in 1853, though progress in the other newly founded cities of Clinton and Vicksburg was slow, as Clinton was on Natchez Trace and had a better road than the fast-growing Vickburg. Clinton had two academies, there were better roads than fast - the grown Vickersburg and both cities had connections to the great rivers, so everything was focused on Jackson. Jackson arrived in Natchesz with the first notable Americans to travel the NatcheZ trail, along with a proclamation welcoming Americans to Louisiana, Spain, which included the "Natchz District."
Five major airlines fly to Jackson, and Amtrak and the City of New Orleans offer connections to Chicago and New Orleans, with Jackson's Union Station serving as a passenger stop. Jackson International Airport (JIA) is the largest airport in the United States and is served by all five major airlines.